• Asking a question because you don’t have the courage to make a statement.
  • Calling an issue complex or complicated when it is sufficiently simple.
  • Feigning a mere “conversation” when you’re really trying to promote a position.
  • Appealing to matters of “emphasis” to avoid affirmation and denial of contradictory ideas.
  • Giving a disclaimer to avoid taking responsibility.
  • Using obscure and pedantic language to sound smart so that people won’t realize how dumb and thin your line of thinking really is.
  • Preferring the stimulation of “clever” over the pleasure of knowing simple truth.